THOMAS JEFFERSON: A DEFENSE OF HIS CHARACTER

By: Gary J Verdes

I recently became of aware of an article going around on far left wing feminist web sites called Thomas Jefferson: The Face of a Rapist. This article states that Jefferson raped his slave Sally Hemings with no facts to back it up, the author Renee Martin, a black woman who lives in Canada, and works for the trash news service from Britain “the guardian” wrote this piece of trash and it has now traveled the Internet via the far left wing feminist web site circuit. A reading of The Hemingses of Monticello, also written by a black woman Annette Gordon-Reid will give a scholarly take on the Hemings-Jefferson relationship and by far the most in-depth  and, insightful exploration of the Hemings story, it will considerably complicate the facile nature of Martin’s claims. It is certainly possible that Thomas Jefferson was simply a rapist as so many slave owners were. The surviving evidence of the Jefferson/Sally Hemings relationship mitigates against such an idea, and to gloss over that does both parties a disservice. Gordon-Reid does conclude that, for a variety of complex reasons, Jefferson & Hemings probably had feelings for one another. Martin also states that the only slaves that Jefferson freed were the children of Hemings, another false statement. It is not correct that “The only slaves that Jefferson freed were the children of [Sally] Hemings.” That is a widely repeated error. He freed Sally’s sons Eston and Madison Hemings in his will, but his will also freed Burwell Colbert (butler and artisan), Joseph Fossett (blacksmith), and John Hemmings (joiner/carpenter; he spelled his surname with the double mm). All of these men were part of the extended Hemings family. John was Sally’s half-brother. Scholars have suggested that Jefferson’s long-standing favoritism toward the offspring of Betty Hemings, Sally’s mother, might have been the motivating factor.

With respect to slaves, Jefferson actually did more during his life against slavery than most other men of his time — and deserves the credit for the principles in the Declaration of Independence that “all men are created equal” — which in the hands of Lincoln and Divine Providence, eventually freed the slaves — at a great price of human blood in the Civil War.

Jefferson’s anti-slavery efforts include:

1. Introduction of a bill in 1769 the Virginia legislature to abolish the importation of slaves into that state.

2. Inclusion of an anti-slavery provision in his original draft of the Declaration of Independence in 1776.

3. Initiated the Congressional ban on slavery in all federal lands in 1784 (his effort to extend the act to the 13 states lost by only one vote).

4. In 1808, as President, he signed into law a bill banning the slave trade with Africa.

While Jefferson did not free all of his slaves on his death (as did Washington), a law passed in Virginia in 1806 required that the legislature pass a special bill that would attest to the exemplary behavior of each slave to be freed. If freed, the slave had to leave the state without his or her family. Jefferson was not in favor of this law. Further, Jefferson trained his slaves in skills that would be useful when they were free. He believed that to free them first would be irresponsible — since they would be homeless and without family.

To those who are willing to read and search for themselves and discern the honest from the dishonest, and the man of moral principle from one who is not, I believe the truth becomes clearer as to the greatness and stature of Thomas Jefferson.

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Published in: on May 12, 2012 at 2:38 am  Leave a Comment  

George Washington (February 22, 1732-December 14, 1799) Surveyor, Planter, Soldier, President

By: Gary J Verdes

George Washington was the fifth of Augustine Washington’s ten children, who was a Planter and was part owner and director of an iron mine.
Washington never attended any school or college, he was educated as a child by his father and brother, and also self-educated as he became an adult. Washington was a “Low Church” Anglican, the branch of the Anglican Church that took the Bible literally and would be considered “true” to the Bible by evangelical Christians today. Married Martha Dandridge Custis on January 6, 1759, she was a widow; they were both 27 years old. George and Martha never had any children together, George had bouts with both smallpox and tuberculosis earlier in life and these may have left him unable to have children. In spite of their inability to have their own children, George and Martha raised two children from her first marriage: John Parke Custis known as “Jackie” and Martha Parke known as “Patsy”. John Parke Custis served as an aide to Washington at the Battle of Yorktown, he contracted camp fever and died on November 5, 1781, after this, George and Martha Washington raised John’s two children: Eleanor Parke Custis and George Washington Parke Custis. Washington’s first involvement in the resistance against Great Britain was in 1769 when he introduced a bill in the House of Burgesses calling for a boycott of all British goods, the bill was written by George Mason, the boycott was in response to the Townsend Acts, a set of laws created by Parliament that taxed imports to the American colonies, the colonists believed the acts were illegal and violated their rights as British citizens. The Second Continental Congress formed the Continental Army and made George Washington a general. He started training his 14,000 men. On April 19, 1775, war broke out between the colonies and Great Britain. This was the Battle of Lexington and Concord in Massachusetts. Washington took his men across the Delaware River, but the Redcoats couldn’t cross it because they didn’t have boats. General Washington thought his army should fight defensively, meaning not fighting unless they had to, but he saw a perfect chance to attack the British. On Christmas Eve, they attacked the Redcoats’ camp at Trenton. Washington’s men really trusted him. Once in the middle of a battle, Washington rode out on his horse and waved his hat at his men. This made them fight harder. The Americans won battles because they were fighting on their own soil for their own country, and they were Patriots who would never give up. During the terrible winter at Valley Forge, Martha Washington came to help the soldiers that were sick. They went without food for weeks but the soldiers held up till the food came. France wanted to help the Americans win, so they sent ships, soldiers, weapons and money. Benjamin Franklin had convinced France to join the American side in the spring of 1778. By October, 1781, the colonists were ready to trap the Redcoats. They circled around the city of Yorktown, Virginia, where the huge British army was located, attacked them and won the Battle of Yorktown. This ended the major Revolutionary War fighting. The Peace Treaty of Paris was signed on Sept. 3, 1783.

Following the Revolutionary War Washington returned to work with his plantation – Mount Vernon. In 1787 there was a call for a constitutional convention to meet in Philadelphia and write a constitution for the United States. 56 persons were asked to meet for this purpose; one of the men selected from Virginia was George Washington. Washington in every way, shape, and form was a leader. His very presence was extraordinary even to all of the leaders of all the states. He was appointed president of the constitutional convention. When the Constitution was completed Washington was selected as the first President of the United States. He served two terms (1789 to 1797). Washington did not belong to a political party he was against parties because he thought they created too much division, he was considered to be the informal figurehead of the Federalist Party. Washington was not elected by the people. He was appointed by the signers of the Constitution of the United States. They were unanimous in their choice. Washington is often revered for his retiring from public service and going back to private life, rather than seeking to extend his power as many monarchs did, thought to be very shy and reserved, was believed to be very humble, not even wanting positions of power, turned down a $25,000 salary (an enormous amount of money at the time), known for his motto “Deeds, not words,” not concerned about leaving a “legacy”. December 14, 1799 at age 67, Washington became ill after spending all day December 12 on horseback in snow and freezing rain, he awoke the next day with a cold, fever and throat infection, these turned into pneumonia and possibly laryngitis, Washington apparently died of asphyxiation as a result of all these complications.

“However [political parties] may now and then answer popular ends, they are likely in the course of time and things, to become potent engines, by which cunning, ambitious, and unprincipled men will be enabled to subvert the power of the people and to usurp for themselves the reins of government, destroying afterwards the very engines which have lifted them to unjust dominion.”

GEORGE WASHINGTON, Farewell Address, Sep. 17, 1796

 

Published in: on February 22, 2012 at 4:00 pm  Leave a Comment  

Middle-Class Death Watch (Just The Facts)

By: Gary J Verdes

In 2010, 15.1 percent of all persons lived in poverty. The poverty rate in 2010 was the highest poverty rate since 1993. The bottom 50 percent of income earners in the United States now collectively own less than 1 percent of the nation’s wealth.The top 1 percent of U.S. households owns nearly twice as much of America’s corporate wealth as they did just 15 years ago.

In America today, the average time needed to find a job has risen to a record 35.2 weeks.
More than 40 percent of Americans who actually are employed are now working in service jobs, which are often very low paying.
For the first time in U.S. history, more than 40 million Americans are on food stamps, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture projects that number will go up to 43 million Americans in 2011.
Approximately 21 percent of all children in the United States are living below the poverty line in 2010 – the highest rate in 20 years.
Despite the financial crisis, the number of millionaires in the United States rose a whopping 16 percent to 7.8 million in 2009.
The top 10 percent of Americans now earn around 50 percent of our national income.
Americans without health insurance in 2010 rose to a 45-year high of 49.9 million persons, or 16.3 percent of the population
The truth is that the middle class in America is dying — and once it is gone it will be incredibly difficult to rebuild.
The Richest 0.1% have Launched A War On Us – It’s Time To Fight Back And Hold These 400 Billionaires Personally Responsible For Our Economic Crisis. The richest 400 Americans have as much wealth as 154 million Americans combined, that’s 50% of the entire country. If they are unwilling to put their immense power behind changing this dire situation, they too must be held personally responsible.

Published in: on February 21, 2012 at 1:51 pm  Leave a Comment  

Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809- April 14, 1865)

By: Gary J Verdes

Abraham Lincoln served a single term in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1847-1849. His foray into national politics seems to be as unremarkable as it was brief. He was the lone Whig from the state of Illinois, showing party loyalty, but finding few political allies. He used his term in office to speak out against the Mexican-American War and supported Zachary Taylor for president in 1848. His criticism of the war made him unpopular back home and he decided not to run for second term, but instead returned Springfield to practice law. By the 1850’s, the railroad was moving west and Illinois found it becoming a major hub for various companies. Abraham Lincoln served as a lobbyist for the Illinois Central Railroad as its company attorney. In 1854, Congress passed the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which repealed the Missouri Compromise, and allowed individual states and territories to decide for themselves whether to allow slavery. The law provoked violent opposition in Kansas and Illinois. And it gave rise to the Republican Party. This awakened Abraham Lincoln’ political zeal once again and his views on slavery moved more toward moral indignation. Lincoln joined the Republican Party in 1856.

In 1857, the Supreme Court issued its controversial decision Scott v. Sanford, declaring African Americans were not citizens and had no inherent rights. Though Abraham Lincoln felt African Americans were not equal to whites, he believed the America’s founders intended that all men were created with certain inalienable rights. Lincoln decided to challenge sitting U.S. Senator Stephen Douglas for his seat. In his nomination acceptance speech, he criticized Douglas, the Supreme Court, and President Buchanan for promoting slavery and declared “a house divided cannot stand.” The 1858 Senate campaign featured seven debates held in different cities all over Illinois. The two candidates didn’t disappoint the public, giving stirring debates on issues ranging from states’ rights to western expansion, but the central issue in all the debates was slavery. Newspapers intensely covered the debates, often times with partisan editing and interpretation. In the end, the state legislature elected Douglas, but the exposure vaulted Lincoln into national politics.
In 1860, political operatives in Illinois organized a campaign to support Lincoln for the presidency. On May 18th at the Republican National Convention in Chicago, Abraham Lincoln surpassed better known candidates such as William Seward of New York and Salmon P. Chase of Ohio. Lincoln’s nomination was due in part to his moderate views on slavery, his support for improving the national infrastructure, and the protective tariff. In the general election, Lincoln faced is friend and rival, Stephan Douglas, this time besting him in a four-way race that included John C. Breckinridge of the Northern Democrats and John Bell of the Constitution Party.  Lincoln received not quite 40 percent of the popular vote, but carried 180 of 303 Electoral votes.
Abraham Lincoln selected a strong cabinet composed of many of his political rivals, including William Seward, Salmon P. Chase, Edward Bates and Edwin Stanton. Formed out the adage “Hold your friends close and your enemies closer”, Lincoln’s Cabinet became one of his strongest assets in his first term in office… and he would need them. Before his inauguration in March, 1861, seven Southern states had seceded from the Union and by April the U.S. military installation Fort Sumter, was under siege in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina. In the early morning hours of April 12, 1861, the guns stationed to protect the harbor blazed toward the fort signaling the start of America’s costliest and most deadly conflict. Abraham Lincoln responded to the crisis wielding powers as no other present before him. He distributed $2,000,000 from the Treasury for war materiel without an appropriation from Congress; he called for 75,000 volunteers into military service without a declaration of war; and he suspended the writ of habeas corpus, arresting and imprisoning suspected Confederate sympathizers without a warrant. Crushing the rebellion would be difficult under any circumstances, but the Civil War, with its preceding decades of white-hot partisan politics, was especially onerous. From all directions, Lincoln faced disparagement and defiance. The Union Army’s first year and a half of battlefield defeats made it especially difficult to keep morale up and support strong for a reunification the nation. With the hopeful, but by no means conclusive Union victory at Antietam on September 22, 1862, Abraham felt confident enough to reshape the cause of the war from “union” to abolishing slavery. Gradually, the war effort improved for the North, though more by attrition then by brilliant military victories. But by 1864, the Confederacy had hunkered down to a guerilla war and Lincoln was convinced he’d be a one-term president. His nemesis, George B. McClellan, the former commander of the Army of the Potomac, challenged him for the presidency, but the contest wasn’t even close. Lincoln received 55 percent of the popular vote and 212 of 243 Electoral votes. On March 28, 1865, General Robert E. Lee, commander of the Army of Virginia, surrendered his forces to Union General Ulysses S. Grant and the war for all intents and purposes was over. Reconstruction began during the war as early as 1863 in areas firmly under Union military control. Abraham Lincoln favored a policy of quick reunification with a minimum of retribution. But he was confronted by a radical group of Republicans in the Senate and House that wanted complete allegiance and repentance from former Confederates. Before a political battle had a chance to firmly develop, Lincoln was assassinated on April 14, 1865, by well-known actor and Confederate sympathizer John Wilkes Booth at Ford’s Theater in Washington, D.C. Lincoln was taken from the theater to a Petersen House across the street and laid in a coma for nine hours before dying the next morning. His body lay in state at the Capitol before a funeral train took him back to his final resting place in Springfield, Illinois.

“A house divided against itself cannot stand. I believe this government cannot endure permanently half-slave and half-free. I do not expect the Union to be dissolved – I do not expect the house to fall – but I do expect it will cease to be divided. It will become all one thing or all the other.” Lincoln’s ‘House-Divided’ Speech in Springfield, Illinois, June 16, 1858.

Published in: on February 12, 2012 at 4:17 pm  Leave a Comment  

Election 2012 Does Anyone Care?

By: Gary J Verdes

Since I have been able to vote I have been asking the question does anyone care? Through out the years it seems that year after year I would see less and less people come out to vote. How can our Republic stand if the people stand by and do nothing? The least our Founding Father expected was for We The People to get out and vote, not to much to ask to keep our Republic alive and We The People in control of our Republic.

So where do our elective officials stand on this issue. Well it’s just my opinion, but I think they like it just fine as it stands now.

Sure our Representatives say that they would like to see more people vote, but do they really? If they really wanted change why then do they fight so hard against election funding reform and term limits? They fight against them so they can get the advantage against anyone who would dare challenge them. Anyone who would like to run these days need to raise more money than most of us will see in a lifetime or two. So anyone who runs today must either be a millionaire or be backed by the lobbyist of some big business interest. So where does that leave We The People? It leaves We The People with little or no influence on our Representatives. We the People must remember that we have the right to challenge our leaders, and should hold them accountable because it’s not only our right it’s our duty to do so. Now is the time for us to stand up and take back our government.

Easier said than done, sure it is, but better done than not. Voting can make a difference, but We The People MUST stay Informed and MUST get out and vote to make that difference.

So what were our Founding Fathers thoughts on We The Peoples responsibly to this republic they left to us?

“The duty of a patriot is to protect his country from its government.”
– Thomas Paine  English author, pamphleteer, radical, inventor, intellectual, revolutionary, and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States

 “Should things go wrong at any time, the people will set them to rights by the peaceable exercise of their elective rights.”  – Thomas Jefferson Author of the Declaration of Independence  & Third President of the United States 1801-1809

 In this time of great unrest in our country, it is the responsibly of We The People to get involved in the future course our country, our Founding Fathers gave us the right to VOTE so in these times We The People can Take Back Our Country. It’s time to wake up America and VOTE, or be prepared to lose the Liberty Freedom our Founding Fathers left in our care.

 “Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just Powers from the Consent of the Governed.” -Thomas Jefferson Author of the Declaration of Independence & Third President of the United States 1801-1809

Published in: on February 4, 2012 at 12:58 pm  Leave a Comment  

56 Men

By: Gary J Verdes

Our Founding Fathers, the 56 men who signed the Declaration of Independence came from all walks of life, they were, lawyers, merchants, planters, farmers, agriculturists, academics, authors, surveyors, doctors, ministers, brewers, musicians, poets, printers, scientists, seamen. Many came from great wealth for their time and many lost all they owned to support the American Revolution.

Because of their sacrifice, many Americans today are able to create great wealth for themselves due to the republic form of government they set up. The Founding Fathers had the foresight to see that their sacrifice would benefit the future generations of Americans and that made it all worth whatever they would have to endure.

So where are the kinds of leaders we need today? It’s shameful in this nation where so many have profited through the sacrifice of our Founding Fathers some who lost everything for his country, there are not any willing to stand up for their country today and put anything on the line when our country needs them.
People like: Bill Gates $59 B, Warren Buffett $39 B, Larry Ellison $33 B, Charles Koch $25 B, David Koch $25 B, Christy Walton $24.5 B, George Soros $22 B, Sheldon Adelson $21.5 B, Jim Walton $21.1 B, Alice Walton $20.9 B, S. Robson Walton $20.5 B, Michael Bloomberg $19.5 B, Jeff Bezos $19.1 B, Mark Zuckerberg $17.5 B, Sergey Brin $16.7 B, Larry Page $16.7 B, John Paulson $15.5 B, Michael Dell $15 B. And yes that B is for Billion. These are the top 18 who make 15 Billion or more, there are 14 more Americans worth 10 Billion plus, 37 more Americans who are worth 5 Billion plus. There are 397 American Billionaires. 400 Richest Americans Got Richer This Year, As Most Americans’ Net Worth Tanked: Read about it at: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2010/09/23/richest-americans_n_736182.html  To read about our Founding Fathers the Signers of the Declaration of Independence got to :https://independentbi-partisancoalition.us/founding-fathers.html and hopefully the above mentioned will read this too and think about what they can do for America in our country’s time of need.
Published in: on February 3, 2012 at 11:30 pm  Leave a Comment  

Never Forget Valley Forge

By: Gary J Verdes

The images are heartrending, dramatic and so powerful that they are embedded in the nation’s historical consciousness:

Bloody footprints in the snow left by bootless men. Near naked soldiers wrapped in thin blankets huddled around a smoky fire of green wood. The plaintive chant from the starving: “We want meat! We want meat!” These are the indelible images of suffering and endurance associated with Valley Forge in the winter of 1777-78. “An army of skeletons appeared before our eyes naked, starved, sick and discouraged,” wrote New York’s Gouverneur Morris of the Continental Congress. The Marquis de Lafayette wrote: “The unfortunate soldiers were in want of everything; they had neither coats nor hats, nor shirts, nor shoes. Their feet and their legs froze until they were black, and it was often necessary to amputate them.” A bitter George Washington — whose first concern was always his soldiers — would accuse the Congress of “little feeling for the naked and distressed soldiers. I feel superabundantly for them, and from my soul pity those miseries, which it is neither in my power to relieve or prevent.” The suffering and sacrifices of the American soldiers at Valley Forge are familiar, iconic images, but there is another side of the picture. Valley Forge was where a new, confident, professional American army was born. Three months of shortage and hardship were followed by three months of relative abundance that led to wonderful changes in the morale and fighting capabilities of the Continental Army. France would enter the war on the side of the new nation. Valuable foreign volunteers and fresh replacements would trickle into camp. Most important, it was at Valley Forge that a vigorous, systematic training regime transformed ragged amateur troops into a confident 18th century military organization capable of beating the Red Coats in the open field of battle.

Valley Forge was an encampment of the Continental Army in Pennsylvania, just about 20 miles south of Philadelphia. General Washington’s troops stayed there from December of 1777 to June of 1778. In 1776, George Washington and his troops crossed the mighty Delaware River. They then fought the Battle of Trenton which decided whether or not General Washington and his troops would stay at Valley Forge. The first three months that the troops spent at Valley Forge were most definitely the hardest. The troops did not have proper clothing. Many soldiers went without boots and some did not even have other articles of warm clothing. For the first couple of months the troops were there, they began to make log cabins out of wood. It was very hard to put 11,000 men into a wood lot south of Philadelphia. The troops who camped at Valley Forge for those three months often got sick from the cold. They were also hungry most of the time. It was very hard to survive; one troop expressed it through his words, “half the army are naked, and almost the whole army go barefoot.” The men at Valley Forge did not have many other supplies either. The men were short on guns which many men provided themselves. They were also short on food and money. Some of the officers there did not get paid because the Continental Congress did not have the money to pay them. The troops needed money to buy the proper supplies. During that difficult winter at Valley Forge, the troops learned discipline. Baron Augustus von Steuben came over from Europe and helped the Continental Army in their strategies for training. He helped General Washington in drilling the troops. Valley Forge turned out to be a good thing for the Continental Army. General Washington and his troops stay at Valley Forge was probably one of the most important events in the Continental Army’s existence.

“Naked and starving as they are we cannot enough admire the incomparable patience and fidelity of the soldiery.” –General George Washington at Valley Forge, February 16, 1778

“Let it be told to the future world, that in the depth of winter, when nothing but hope and virtue could survive, that the city and the country, alarmed at one common danger, came forth to meet and to repulse it.”
–The Crisis by Thomas Paine

Published in: on January 27, 2012 at 1:42 pm  Leave a Comment  

Richard Henry Lee (January 20, 1732- June 19, 1794)

By: Gary J Verdes

Richard Henry Lee American statesman and orator had the advantage in life of living during one of the most crucial times in American History. Allowing him to take part in one of the greatest events the world has witnessed, the pregnancy, birth, and childhood of the United States of America. Striving against the British Crown with such men as Patrick Henry, John Adams, and Benjamin Franklin, his influence has a lasting effect on the outcome of American History. He was amongst those radical members of the Burgesses who met at the Raleigh tavern when the house was dissolved by the Royal Governor. In 1774 he was elected to attend the first Continental Congress. He enjoyed many important committee appointments. Noted for his oratory skills, it was he who offered the Resolutions for Independence to the committee of the whole in 1776. He served in Congress through the course of the War, while also serving in the House of Burgesses. In 1783 he was selected as president of Congress. Lee opposed the federal constitution, as he favored strong state rights. He was however elected the first State Senator from Virginia under the new federal government. He retired from that office to his home in Chantilly due to illness, and soon after died at the age of 62.

“To preserve liberty, it is essential that the whole body of the people always possess arms and be taught alike, especially when young, how to use them.” Richard Henry Lee

Published in: on January 20, 2012 at 2:32 pm  Comments (16)  

James Madison, Jr. (March 16, 1751 – June 28, 1836)

By: Gary J Verdes

James Madison was an American politician and political philosopher who served as the fourth President of the United States (1809–1817) and is considered one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. He was the principal author of the US Constitution, and is often called the “Father of the Constitution”. In 1788, he wrote over a third of the Federalist Papers, the most influential commentary on the Constitution. The first president to have served in the United States Congress, he was a leader in the 1st United States Congress, drafting many basic laws, and was responsible for the first ten amendments to the Constitution and thus is also known as the “Father of the Bill of Rights”. As a political theorist, Madison’s most distinctive belief was that the new republic needed checks and balances to protect individual rights from the tyranny of the majority.

James Madison Quotes:

“The Constitution preserves the advantage of being armed which Americans possess over the people of almost every other nation where the governments are afraid to trust the people with arms.”

“The essence of Government is power; and power, lodged as it must be in human hands, will ever be liable to abuse.”

“The executive has no right, in any case, to decide the question, whether there is or is not cause for declaring war.”

“Knowledge will forever govern ignorance; and a people who mean to be their own governors must arm themselves with the power which knowledge gives.”

Published in: on January 19, 2012 at 2:03 pm  Comments (1)  

Benjamin Franklin

By: Gary J Verdes
January 17, 1706 – April 17, 1790
Writer, Publisher, Scientist, Inventor and Diplomat

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Ben Franklin was appointed by the Second Continental Congress to the “Committee of Five,” which was given the task of drafting the Declaration of Independence. Thomas Jefferson wrote the original draft, but with strong input from the other members who also revised Jefferson’s original draft when it was complete. The other three members of the committee were John Adams, Robert Livingston and Roger Sherman.

Franklin voted to accept the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776, famously saying that “We must all hang together, or assuredly we shall all hang separately.” He signed the document along with the other members of Congress in August.
Ben Franklin served Congress in various important positions, including as Commissioner to Canada, Ambassador to France and as a member of the Committee of Secret Correspondence dealing with spying and foreign intelligence, while serving as Ambassador to France, Franklin was responsible for persuading the French to give large amounts of money, supplies and manpower, including ships, soldiers and experienced military leaders to the American war effort, this was probably Franklin’s most significant contribution to the war effort.
Franklin was one of three commissioners appointed by Congress to negotiate the terms of peace with Britain at the end of the war. The Treaty of Paris, as the peace treaty was known, was signed on September 3, 1783. The other commissioners were John Jay and John Adams.
Though not during the period of the Revolutionary War, but still a significant moment in the founding of the United States, Ben Franklin was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention and a signer of the United States Constitution in 1787.

Benjamin Franklin Quotes:

“They that can give up essential liberty to purchase a little temporary safety deserve neither liberty nor safety.” – Historical Review of Pennsylvania, 1759

“We must all hang together, or assuredly we shall all hang separately.” – At the signing of the Declaration of Independence, July 4, 1776

“Rebellion to tyrants is obedience to God.” – Ben Franklin’s proposed Seal of the United States, July, 1776

Published in: on January 17, 2012 at 1:42 pm  Leave a Comment